Orbit 99 - Organic Recovery & Biological Treatment

Proceedings of the International Conferences ORBIT 99 on Biological Treatment of Waste and the Environment

Werner Bidlingmaier, Marco de Bertoldi, Luis F. Diaz und Efstathios K. Papadimitriou. 1999. 3 Bände. (Part I: Research in and Implementation of Process Technology / Part II: Perspectives on Legislation and Policy, Product Quality and Use Biodegradable Pol

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Proceedings of the International Conferences ORBIT 99 on Biological Treatment of Waste and the Environment
ISBN: 978-3-930894-20-8
Veröffentlicht: 1999, -. Auflage, Einband: Broschur, Seiten 900, Format DIN A4, Gewicht 0 kg
Lieferzeit: 14 Werktage
Verfügbarkeit: Auf Lager
9,90 €

Orbit 99 - Organic Recovery & Biological Treatment

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Herausgegeben von Werner Bidlingmaier, Marco de Bertoldi, Luis F. Diaz und Efstathios K. Papadimitriou. 1999. 3 Bände. (Part I: Research in and Implementation of Process Technology / Part II: Perspectives on Legislation and Policy, Product Quality and Use Biodegradable Polymers Environmental and Health Impacts / Part III: Organic Waste Management in Economically Developing Countries).

In Buchform liegen jetzt die Vorträge der Internationalen Fachkonferenz ORBIT 99 (2. –4. September 1999 in Weimar) vor, die vom Knoten Weimar (Bauhaus Universität Weimar), der Bundesgütegemeinschaft Kompost (BGK e.V.) und der Organic Reclamation and Composting Association (ORCA) vorbereitet wurde.

Die mehr als 125 Fachbeiträge in überwiegend englischer Fassung (mit deutscher Kurzbeschreibung) repräsentieren den aktuellen Stand der Forschung zur biologischen Abfallbehandlung in Europa, Australien, Asien, Südamerika und Westafrika.

In Band I ( Research in and Implementation of Process Technology) werden die unterschiedlichen Verfahrenstechniken der mechanisch-biologischen Vorbehandlung von Abfällen diskutiert, wobei der Schwerpunkt auf Kompostierung und Vergärung liegt.

Im Mittelpunkt der Beträge von Band II ( Perspective on Legislation and Policy, Product Quality and Use, Biodegradable Polymers, and Environmental and Health Impacts) stehen einzelne Themen, denen im Gesamtzusammenhang der biologischen Abfallbehandlung große Bedeutung zukommt. Hierzu zählen Gesetze und Politik, Produkt-Qualität und -Anwendung, biologisch abbaubare Kunststoffe sowie Anforderungen des Umwelt- und Gesundheitsschutzes.

In Band III (Organic Waste Management in Economically Developing Countries) erörtern die Autoren die unterschiedlichen geographischen, sozialen und politischen Rahmenbedingungen in Entwicklungsländern. Die Ergebnisse praktischer Ansätze werden durch wissenschaftliche Studien untermauert.

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About this book:

This book contains the Proceedings of ORBIT99, an International conference organised co-jointly by the Knoten Weimar (Bauhaus University of Weimar), the German Federal Compost Quality Association (BGK e.V.), and the Organic Reclamation and Composting Association (ORCA). ORBIT99 was held in Weimar, Germany, 2-4 September 1999.

The conference included lectures on the following topics:

Composting and Anaerobic Digestion Research and Technology
Developments in Biological Pre-treatment
Legislation and Policy issues
Environmental and Health impacts
Product Quality and Use
Analytical Methods
Biodegradable Polymers
Bioremediation of Land and Sediments
Systems for Developing Countries
The conference also hosted the annual meeting of the Bundesgütegemeinschaft Kompost e.V. as well as special programmes on Biodegradable Polymers and Developing Countries.

The Proceedings contain some 120 papers which are divided into three parts.

Part I Research in and Implementation of Process Technology
Process technology is discussed within the context of biological recovery and pre-treatment of waste. Thus, mainly composting and anaerobic digestion are dealt with while bioremediation of soil/sediments is touched upon to a much lesser degree.

Part II Perspectives on Legislation and Policy, Product Quality and Use, Biodegradable Polymers, and Environmental and Health Impacts.
This part reports on topics worth to be considered separately owing to their importance concerning the multidimensional problem of organic waste management.

Part III Organic Waste Management in Economically Developing Countries
This part involves reports featuring diverse geographical, social, and political conditions. Field experiences augmented with academic studies are communicated.

The Editors

Prof. Werner Bidlingmaier is the head of the Unit of Waste Management at the Bauhaus University of Weimar, Germany.

Prof. Marco de Bertoldi is the head of the Industrial Microbiology Department at the University of Udine, Italy.

Dr. Luis F. Diaz is the president of CalRecovery, Inc., USA.

Efstathios K. Papadimitriou is a Research Associate at the Unit of Waste Management of the Bauhaus University of Weimar, Germany.

 Inhaltsverzeichnis 

ORBIT 99
Organic Recovery and Biological Treatment

Go to: Part I - Part II  -  Part III

Proceedings of the International Conference ORBIT 99 on Biological Treatment of Waste and the Environment
Weimar, September 2-4, 1999 (Part I, Part II, Part III)
Edited by
Werner BIDLINGMAIER
Marco de BERTOLDI
Luis F. DIAZ
Efstathios K. PAPADIMITRIOU

Part I - Part II  -  Part III

Research in and Implementation of Process Technology

LOW-COST COMPOSTING OF FRUIT PROCESSING WASTES IN HUNGARY 9

Hayes Matthew, Öchsner Ralf, Simon Miklós

COMPOSTING OF MUNICIPAL WASTE IN POLAND 17

Emilia Szpadt, Ryszard Szpadt

COMPOSTING IN FLANDERS: THE VLACO EXPERIENCE 25

Geert Vande Ryse, Ward Devliegher

CHALLENGES AND CHANCES FOR ORGANIC WASTE MANAGEMENT IN AUSTRALIA 33

Johannes Biala and Peter Rutherford

THE CONTROL OF THE PROCESS AND COMPOST QUALITY 43

Marco de Bertoldi

HYBRID COMPOSTING SYSTEMS: APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY FOR AUSTRAL-ASIA? 51

Hofstede Harrie, Wong Daniel, and Mort Nathan

COMPOSTING OF MUNICIPAL GREEN WASTE USING A HYBRID MODE OF THE AERATED STATIC PILE 57

Gonçalves, M.S.; Baptista, M.; Oliveira, R.M.; Ortega, L.M.; Sestello, A., Bento, L.; Hilário, T.

THE RELEVANCE OF MOISTURE CONTROL IN ORGANIC MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE WINDROW COMPOSTING PROCESS 65

Russo, Mário A. T., Carvalho, A.

DETERMINATION OF THE RELATIVE AND ABSOLUTE HUMIDITY IN COMPOST PILES BY DIFFERENTIAL SPECTROSCOPY USING TUNEABLE DIODE LASERS 73

F. Imkenberg, J. Kickelhain, O. Schulz, and A. Abou-Zeid

OXYGEN AND TEMPERATURE KINETICS OF AEROBIC SOLID-STATE BIODEGRADATION 81

Tom L. Richard and Larry P. Walker

EFFECT OF DIFFERENT FORCED AERATION METHODS ON VERTICAL TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION AND REACTION RATES DURING COMPOSTING 89

A. Koenig and Q. H. Bari

MUSHROOM YIELD OPTIMISATION USING CARBON DIOXIDE MEASUREMENT 97

Hennie Loeffen, Sjaak C. Bakker and David P. Martin

MICROBIAL BIOMASS C AND NINHYDRIN-REACTIVE N AS PARAMETERS TO CHARACTERIZE COMPOSTING PROCESS 103

Mondini Claudio, Leita Liviana, Vida Emanuela and De Nobili Maria

REDUCTION OF AMMONIA EMISSIONS DURING COMPOSTING BY UNCOUPLING OF OXYGEN DEMAND AND HEAT REMOVAL 107

Adrie H. M. Veeken, Vinnie de Wilde and Bert V. M. Hamelers

INFLUENCE OF TEMPERATURE DURING THE INITIAL PHASE OF COMPOSTING ON BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY AND EMISSION OF AMMONIA AND DINITROGEN OXIDE 115

Smårs Sven, Beck-Friis Barbro, Jönsson Håkan, Kirchmann Holger

REGULATION OF NITROGEN CONTENTS OF 119

Körner Ina, Schlegelmilch Mirko, Stegmann Rainer

CONDITIONS FOR SUCCESSFUL COMPOSTING OF INDUSTRIAL SLUDGES 127

Auffret, Katja, Defossez, Jean-Luc

CATTAIL PLANTS’ BIOMASS AS A BULKING AGENT IN SEWAGE SLUDGE COMPOSTING AND THE EFFECT OF THE PRODUCED COMPOST ON CATTAIL PLANTS’ GROWTH 135

Manios V., Kefaki M., Siminis C., Stentiford E.

COMPOSTING OF A MIXTURE OF ORANGE AND COTTON INDUSTRIAL WASTES AND THE INFLUENCE OF ADDING OLIVE-MILL WASTEWATER 143

Paredes, C., Cegarra, J., Roig, A. and Bernal, M.P.

TRIALS ABOUT COMPOSTING OF SOLID WASTES FROM PALM OIL MILLS IN INDONESIA 151

Frank Schuchardt, Endang Susilawati, and Purboyo Guritno

ANAEROBIC DIGESTION IN SWEDEN - STATUS AND EXPERIENCES 161

Åke Nordberg, Christopher Gruvberger, Jessica Berg and Lennart Thyselius

ANAEROBIC PROCEDURES (FERMENTATION) 165

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Renatus Widmann

CO-DIGESTION – PROCESSES, POTENTIALS AND ORGANIZATION FORMS 175

Peter Weiland

CO-FERMENTATION OF SEWAGE SLUDGE AND BIOWASTES 183

Karl-Georg Schmelz

REASONABLE WASTE DIGESTION PLANTS 193

Ottokarl Muck

EFFECTS OF THE ANAEROBIC BIOWASTE TREATMENT PROCESSES MANAGE-MENT ON THE DIGESTATE QUALITY (RESIDUES FROM DIGESTION/COMPOST, PROCESS WATER/WASTEWATER) 197

Dipl.-Biol. Sigrid Hams, Dr.-Ing. Gabriele Becker, Dipl.-Biol. Mechthild Bischoff, Dipl.-Ing. Thomas Böning

ANAEROBIC DIGESTION AS INTEGRATED PART OF A MECHANICAL-BIOLOGICAL WASTE TREATMENT PROCESS 205

Dr. Wolfgang Müller and Dr. Klaus Fricke

EXPERIENCES WITH TBW-BIOCOMP-PROCESS IN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE INTEGRATED MUNICIPAL ‘ROTHENBURG-WASTE-MANAGEMENT MODEL’, GERMANY 215

H. Euler, P. Kraemer, C. Müller, S. Schroth

REST OR MIXED WASTE SORTING-DIGESTION-SEPARATION FOR THE RECOVERY OF RECYCLABLES AND ENERGY 223

Luc de Baere and Jan Boelens

DECOMPOSITION OF MAJOR ORGANIC COMPONENTS DURING MECHANICAL-BIOLOGICAL PRETREATMENT OF RESIDUAL MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE 229

Martin Pichler, Ingrid Kögel-Knabner

A HOT CHANCE: EXHAUSTIVE ANAEROBIC DIGESTION OF \"GREY WASTE\" UNDER TEMPERATURES OF PASTEURIZATION 235

Paul A. Scherer, Gerd-Rainer Vollmer, Tagred Fakhouri, Sönke Martensen

CHARACTERIZATION OF SOLID WASTE AND DETERMINATION OF THE EMISSION POTENTIAL 243

Tanja Scheelhaase, Werner Bidlingmaier

LABORATORY TESTS DESCRIBING THE BIOLOGICAL REACTIVITY OF PRETREATED RESIDUAL WASTES 249

Erwin Binner, Alexander Zach

INFLUENCE OF THE COMMINUTION OF ORGANIC WASTE ON THEIR BIODEGRADABILITY 257

Laurence Palmowski, Johannes Müller

MESOPHILIC AND THERMOPHILIC ANAEROBIC DIGESTION OF SOURCE-SORTED MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE 265

Åke Nordberg, Åsa Jarvis, Berit Mathisen and Bo H Svensson

HIGH SOLIDS ANAEROBIC DIGESTION OF PFMSW USING NOVEL ANAEROBIC REACTORS 271

T.M. Zatari, I.E. Alexiou, E.K. Papadimitriou and N.A. Bozinis

THE EFFECT OF MIXING CONDITIONS ON ANAEROBIC DIGESTER PERF 279

A. Günay, E. Debik, L. Akça, M. Çabuk, S. Sakar

HYDRODYNAMICS CHARACTERIZATION OF A FLUIDIZED BED REACTOR WITH AN INTERNAL CIRCULATION OF SOLIDS (FB-ICS). APPLICATION TO ANAEROBIC METHANOGENIC PHASE. 283

D.Toledano, C. Torija, L. Pinilla, P.Letón and E. García Calvo

BLACK BOX DESCRIPTION OF ANAEROBIC GROWTH ON ACETIC ACID. 289

Boltes A. Karina, Letón Pedro and García Calvo Eloy.

PRESENCE AND SURVIVAL OF FUNGI AND CLOSTRIDIUM TYROBUTYRICUM DURING ANAEROBIC TREATMENT OF ORGANIC HOUSEHOLD WASTE 297

A. Schnürer, M. Jonsson, B. Guss, J. Schnürer

SEPARATING MICROPOLLUTANTS FROM BIOWASTES USING ANAEROBIC TREATMENT FACILITIES 301

Schäfer, Markus, Hoffmann, Erhard, Hahn, Hermann, H.

DETERMINATION OF SAND CONTENT IN DIGESTATE 307

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Martin Kranert, Dipl.-Ing. Andreas Hartmann, cand.-Ing. Susanne Graul

DYNAMIC RESTRUCTURING OF WASTE REMOVAL IN DECENTRAL PLANTS 315

P. Spillmann, H. Eschkötter A. Nassour

POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS OF LIGNOCELLULOSE-DECAYING FUNGI IN WASTE TREATMENT 321

Dietmar Schlosser, Katrin Scheibner, Thomas Günther

COMPOSTING AND BIOGASIFICATION FOR SENNA POD WASTE STABILIZATION 327

Katja M. Lahti, Jaakko A. Puhakka

EFFECT OF HIGH SOLIDS CONCENTRATION ON HYDRODYNAMICS AND MASS TRANSFER OF A THREE-PHASE AIRLIFT REACTOR FOR MARINE SEDIMENT BIOREMEDIATION 333

Montserrat Tobajas, Eloy García-Calvo, Marc H. Siegel and Sabine E. Apitz

 Zum Seitenanfang

Part I - Part II  -  Part III  

Perspectives on Legislation and Policy, Product Quality and Use Biodegradable Polymers Environmental and Health Impacts

QUALITY OF COMPOST: THE EXPERIENCE OF VENETO REGION 1

Paolo Giandon, Lorena Franz, Federica Germani

\"JEREZ GUADALETE W.W.T.P.\": FROM SLUDGE TO BIOSOLIDS, AND FINALLY E.U. ECOLOGICAL FERTILIZER? 7

Andrades B. J. Antonio, Castro A. José, Gómez P. J. María

LABEL POLICIES, MARKETING STRATEGIES AND TECHNICAL DEVELOPEMENTS OF COMPOST MARKET IN THE EUROPEAN COUNTRIES 13

Centemero M., Ragazzi R., Favoino E.

COMPOST BASED PRODUCTS: HISTORY, RECENT ACTIVITIES, CHANCES 23

Hauke Heidi, Stöppler-Zimmer Holger

FERTILIZER LAW REGULATIONS FOR THE USE OF ORGANIC WASTES LIST OF TYPES, DELIMINATION, DECLARATION 31

Hans-Walter Schneichel

WASTE MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS 35

Claus C. Bergs

DEREGULATION AND VOLUNTARY SELF-REGULATION OF PRODUCERS OF COMPOST AND SECONDARY RAW-MATERIAL FERTILIZERS -AGAINST THE BACKGROUND OF THE BIOWASTE AND FERTILIZER ORDINANCES 41

Dr. Bertram Kehres, Cologne

PRINCIPLES FOR MARKET-ORIENTATED PRODUCTION OF COMPOST PRODUCTS FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF A PLANT OPERATOR 53

Schumacher, Frank

SECONDARY RAW-MATERIAL FERTILIZERS MADE FROM COMPOSTS AS SECONDARY RAW MATERIAL -FERTILIZERS FOR USE ON AGRICULTURAL AND GARDEN AREAS AS WELL AS FOR RECULTIVATION 59

Hoverath, Irmgard

NEW STANDARDISED PRODUCT SHEET FOR COMPOST IN DENMARK 69

M. Carlsbaek* & M. Broegger

MODEL-BASED INVESTIGATIONS INTO LONG-TERM COMPOST APPLICATION EFFECTS ON NITRATE LEACHING AT DIFFERENT AGRICULTURAL SITES 77

Stöppler- Zimmer Holger, Gerke H. Horst, Arning Martin

THE MINERALIZATION OF NITROGEN FROM COMPOST IN THE TROPICS 87

Frank Schuchardt, Novianti Sunarlim,

IMPACT OF ORGANIC RESIDUES ON SOIL MICROORGANISMS 95

Johansson Mats, Torstensson Lennart

EFFECTS OF BIOWASTE COMPOST AMENDMENT ON SOIL MICROBIAL BIOMASS AND SPECIFIC CARBON TURNOVER IN AGRICULTURAL SOILS 101

Jens Leifeld, Stefanie Siebert and Ingrid Kögel-Knabner

INTRODUCTION OF COMPOSTED DIGESTATES IN AGRICULTURE 109

Andreas Kirsch, Heinrich Franken

COMPOSTING COTTON INDUSTRY BY-PRODUCTS. EVALUATION OF USE OF COTTON SOLID WASTES COMPOST AS A SUBSTRATE 115

Fernandes António, Costa Manuela

EFFECTS OF BIOWASTE COMPOST ON VEGETATIVE GROWTH, YIELD AND FRUIT QUALITY OF JAMES GRIEVE APPLES 121

E. Erhart, W. Hartl, C. Huspeka

COMPOST AS A LANDFILL COVER MATERIAL FOR THE ELIMINATION OF METHANE EMISSIONS 129

Marion Humer, Peter Lechner

THE USE OF SEWAGE SLUDGE COMPOST FOR IMPROVING REEDBEDS PERF 139

T. Manios, P. Millner and E.I. Stentiford

MICROORGANISMS AS INDICATORS OF SOIL QUALITY 147

Johansson Mats, Torstensson Lennart

THE INFLUENCE OF BIOWASTE AND GARDEN WASTE COMPOSTS ON DISEASES CAUSED BY PYTHIUM ULTIMUM AND RHIZOCTONIA SOLANI RELATED TO THE ANTAGONISTS TRICHODERMA HAMATUM AND FLAVOBACTERIUM BALUSTINUM 153

Jaak Ryckeboer, Katrien Deprins, Jozef Coosemans

COMPOST MATURITY AS EXPRESSED BY PHYTOTOXICITY AND VOLATILE ORGANIC ACIDS 163

William F. Brinton, Andreas Traenkner

COMPOST STABILITY: A COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF RESPIROMETRIC TECHNIQUES 169

Katia Lasaridi and E.I. Stentiford

BIODEGRADABLE POLYETHYLENE 177

M. Wiles, B. E. Cermak, J. G. Gho, C. W. J. Hare, and J.-F. Tung

DEGRADATION OF BIODEGRADABLE PLASTICS UNDER CONTROLLED COMPOSTING CONDITIONS 183

Akihito Ohtaki, Kiyohiko Nakasaki

INVESTIGATIONS INTO THE POSSIBILITY TO COMPOST PARAFFIN-COATED PACKAGING MATERIALS 191

Dieter Baier, Kerstin Streurs, Konrad Soyez

MATER-BI STARCH-BASED MATERIALS PRESENT SITUATION AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES 195

Catia Bastioli, Stefano Facco, Luigi Marini

REMSCHEID PILOT PROJECT: EVALUATION OF A LARGE SCALE TRIAL OF UTILIZING BIODEGRADABLE WASTE BAGS FOR BIOWASTE COLLECTION AND TREATMENT 205

Thomas Turk, Martin Idelmann, Hans Nießen, Caroline Werner

VOLUNTARY COMPOST QUALITY ASSURANCE BASED ON THE NEW AUSTRIAN COMPOST DECREE 215

Bernhard Raninger

POLICY ISSUES FOR COMPOSTING DEVELOPMENT: NOTES FROM ITALY 223

Favoino E., Centemero M., Ragazzi R., Tornavacca A.

THE NEW AUSTRIAN COMPOST ORDINANCE – A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF COMPOST QUALITY POLICIES AND THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK IN THE EUROPEAN UNION 235

Amlinger Florian, Mochty Franz

BIOLOGICAL RECYCLING OF WASTES IN FRANCE: FROM CRISIS TO NEW MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES AND RULES 249

Mérillot Jean Marc

IMPLEMENTATION OF LA21 POLICIES ON WASTE MANAGEMENT AND THE CONSEQUENCES ON BIOTECHNOLOGY OF ORGANIC SOLID WASTE 257

I.E. Alexiou, C. Walsh, J. Hanna, C.M. Daley, T.M. Zatari, G.E. Alexiou and E.K. Papadimitriou

OCCUPATIONAL HYGIENE AT A DRUM COMPOSTING PLANT IN HYVINKÄÄ, FINLAND 265

Outi K. Tolvanen, Pia Viilos, Kari I. Hänninen and Anja Veijanen

ODOUR POLLUTION PROBLEMS CAUSED BY COMPOSTING ACTIVITIES IN FLANDERS: CURRENT SITUATION AND ABATEMENT STRATEGIES 273

Van Langenhove Herman, De Bo Inge, Vyvey Daphne

DIMENSIONING OF BIOSCRUBBER/BIOFILTER-COMBINATIONS FOR ODOUR TREATMENT AT COMPOST FACILITIES 281

Bernd Dammann, Rainer Stegmann

FORMATION AND EMISSIONS OF AMMONIA AND GREENHOUSE GASES FROM STORED AND COMPOSTED SOLID ANIMAL MANURE 289

Liane Hüther, Frank Schuchardt

ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS OF MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS FOR ORGANIC WASTE 297

Dalemo Magnus, Björklund Anna, Sonesson Ulf

ENVIRONMENTAL EFFICIENCY OF COMPOSTING VERSUS ANAEROBIC DIGESTION OF SEPARATELY COLLECTED, ORGANIC WASTE 305

Mark de Groot, Wim E. van Lierop

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF THE MECHANICAL BIOLOGICAL PRE-TREATMENT OF RESIDUAL WASTES 315

Matthias Koller, Konrad Soyez, Tim Hermann, Sebastian Plickert

ENVIRONMENTAL EVALUATION OF SYSTEMS FOR THE RECOVERY OF BIOGENIC WASTES 323

Detzel Andreas

CO-COMPOSTING OF SEWAGE SLUDGE AND MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE 329

Yair Porat, Yoram Avnimelech

2. INTRODUCTION SUSTAINABILITY IS A FRAME OF MIND 333

Bert Lemmes

ORGANIC WASTE IN CIRCULATION –CO-OPERATION BETWEEN UNIVERSITY, PRACTICE AND SOCIETY IN SWEDEN 341

Torstensson Lennart

THE BIOWASTE-PROGRAMME OF THE GERMAN ENVIRON-MENTAL FOUNDATION – RESULTS, CONCLUSION AND PERSPECTIVES 347

V. Wachendörfer, C. Grimm, M. Kleinke and W. Wahmhoff

AN ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING SYSTEM MODEL APPLIED TO THE CASE OF AN INTEGRATED AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX 351

Antunes P. Baila, de Lemos L. Teixeira, Marques J. Carlos

DATABASE \"ORGANIC AND MINERAL RESIDUES\"

Brigitte Eurich-Menden, Helmut Döhler, Harald Schaaf, Christof Braun, Herbert Propfe

BIOWASTE COLLECTION IN RESIDENTIAL AREAS WITH DENSE POPULATION 363

Gabriele Becker, Klaus Gellenbeck, Dipl.-Ing. Manfred Santjer

USE OF WASTE WHEY IN TANNING INDUSTRY 369

Saha Lubomir, Kolomaznik Karel, Saha Petr

TECHNIQUES FOR PROCESSING INDUSTRIAL WASTE USING ARC-PLASMA GENERATED BY THE TWELVE-PHASE ALTERNATING CURRENT 373

Tsugio Matsuura, Keiji Taniguchi, Kazuo Kondo, Sadakazu Watanabe, Katsumi Kida, Hidekazu

Noda, Setsuko Kitayama

DEVELOPMENT OF WET PRE-TREATMENT AND PULPER TECHNOLOGY 379

Lothar Tacke

 Zum Seitenanfang

Part I - Part II  -  PART III

Organic Waste Management in Economically Developing Countries

OVERVIEW OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN ECONOMICALLY DEVELOPING COUNTRIES 1

Luis F. Diaz, George M. Savage, and Linda L. Eggerth

FINANCING SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PROJECTS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: LESSONS FROM A DECADE OF WORLD BANK LENDING 11

Carl R. Bartone

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN MINAS GERAIS – BRAZIL

(A SYSTEM FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES) 19

João Tinôco Pereira Neto

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE CARIBBEAN 25

H. Farabi, I. Ramroop

WHAT A WASTE: SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN ASIA 35

Daniel Hoornweg

QUALITY STANDARDS OF THE OUTPUT FRACTIONS AFTER THE MATERIAL SPECIFIC TREATMENT 41

Dirk Maak, Ute Schunke

TECHNICAL AND FINANCIAL EVALUATION OF COMPOSTING PROGRAMMES IN ASIA 51

Inge Lardinois, Rogier Marchand

DIAGNOSIS OF THE SITUATION OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN ARGENTINA 59

Atilio Armando Savino

MARKET WASTE COMPOSTING IN LIMA, PERU 69

Eng. Alvaro Cantanhede, Eng. Gladys Monge

APPLICATION OF INTEGRATED WASTE MANAGEMENT TO DEVELOPING ECONOMIES 77

Dr. Adrian J. Nordone, Dr. Marina Franke

COMBINING PRIMARY COLLECTION WITH DECENTRALISED COMPOSTING – A SOLUTION? 83

Christian Zurbrügg, Christina Aristanti

MECHANICAL-BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT OF WASTE PRIOR TO DISPOSAL – AN ALTERNATIVE FOR IMPROVING THE CONDITIONS OF INADEQUATELY CONTROLLED DUMPS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES? 89

Elke Hüettner, Anja Wucke

MECHANICAL-BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT OF WASTE PRIOR TO DISPOSAL – AN ALTERNATIVE FOR IMPROVING THE CONDITIONS OF INADEQUATELY CONTROLLED DUMPS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES? 95

Elke Hüettner, Anja Wucke

INTRODUCING THE TECHNIQUE OF COMPOSTING IN A RURAL MUNICIPALITY IN CHILE

Iris Carstensen, Delia Franke, Ina Körner, Rainer Stegmann

DEVELOPING A SUSTAINABLE SYSTEM FOR SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN WEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES 109

Kolawole T. Raheem, Kari I. Hänninen and Theophilus N. Huagie

LOW COST PRE-TREATMENT OF WASTE LANDFILL EMISSIONS — DOES MECHANICALLY-BIOLOGICALLY TREATED WASTE FACILITATE THE OPERATI-ON OF LOW ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT LANDFILLS? 115

Klaus Fricke, Werner Bidlingmaier and Wolfgang Müller

POTENTIAL BIOGAS PRODUCTION FROM SLUDGES AND MSW IN URUGUAY 125

Liliana Borzacconi, Iván López, Marisol Mallo, Javier Martínez

MANAGEMENT AND USE OF LANDFILL GAS IN CHILE 133

Julio C. Monreal

ORGANIC REFUSE MANAGEMENT AND TREATMENT IN CHINA 141

Ma Jiang

WASTE COMPOSTING AS A COMPONENT OF ECOLOGICAL WASTE MANAGE-MENT IN THE PHILIPPINES 149

Albert Altarejos Magalang

TREATMENT OF ORGANIC WASTES IN MALAYSIA – PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS 155

Mohd Nasir Hassan, Theng Lee Chong, Azni Idris, Muhamad Awang, Ong Bee Yen and Amiruddin Ali

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